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What are the Tridoshas?
Ayurveda's concept of the Tridoshas is unique to medical science. Ayurveda says the body is made up of tissues (dhatus), waste products (malas), and doshas (loosely translated to Energetic Forces). It is the Tridoshas' job to assist with the creation of all of the various tissues of the body and to remove any unnecessary waste products from the body. It is also the Tridoshas that influence all movements, all transformations, all sensory functions, and many of the other activities in the human body and mind.
The Vata dosha is the most important of the three doshas. This is for two
reasons. First, if Vata becomes imbalanced for long enough and
sufficiently enough, it can also cause the other two doshas (Pitta or
Kapha) to become imbalanced. It can even cause both Pitta and Kapha to
become imbalanced; this is called a Tridoshic imbalance and is the most
difficult to overcome. Secondly, Vata is the main driver or mover of the
body, including the other two doshas, all the tissues (dhatus) and all of
the waste products (malas).
The Pitta dosha is associated with fire or heat. Wherever there is
transformation, there is Pitta (doing its job). Whether it is in the GI
tract, liver, skin, eyes or brain doesn't matter, for these are all
locations where Pitta works.
Kapha is the heaviest of the three doshas. It provides the structures
and the lubrication that the body needs. These qualities help to
counterbalance Vata's movement and Pitta's metabolism. A big, heavyset
football play or wrestler is a person with a predominance of Kapha.
Part 2: Why should I care?